KNOWLEDGE IN ASSESSMENT

Happy_53_tnbBefore I thought that assessment simply knows if students understand the lesson and to then give grades and teacher needs to give more attention in teaching the knowledge and skills that the school demands. Well now I realized the importance of assessment.

Assessment is a tool used in the classroom every day and its purpose is to measure a student’s mastery- knowledge or skills in a particular subject area. Assessment data shows a teacher or school administrators what the students have learned.

I remember in my reading it said that assessment drive students learning, but I think as a teacher- assessment should drive our instruction. It is important that our assessment is aligned with learning objectives and instructional activities to ensure that students are meeting and achieving the expectations.

For me formative assessment is the most significant when it comes to learning process. We must utilize formative assessments to assess where students are at. The results can direct us to our next step, if an adjustment in the instruction is needed or modify our strategies to accommodate the need of students. A periodic monitoring of student’s knowledge and determining the level of understanding will direct us to create more suitable activities.

school-clip-artI think it is important to incorporate a variety of assessments in both formative and summative assessments. Summative assessment must not just a standardized test but like formative assessment that allows students to demonstrate what they know in different ways. In this way a student who is not good in traditional assessment test type might be good at performance assessment. I think it is significant to practice more of performance assessment rather than spending too much time in factual test. Alternative assessment promotes creativity and critical thinking which the goal of education is.

I believe that effective assessment must be valid or measure what is intended, fair in giving all students an opportunity to succeed, and always give feedback to help students learn from their mistakes.

As a teacher I will continue to seek improvement in my teaching and how I assess my students. I will practice to develop my skill in writing rubric and writing better test questions. I will be more careful in assessing my students and let the assessment drives my instruction.

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This picture shows how happy I am to learn so much in a short period of time. I think in taking an online course, it is our advantage if our FIC gives a variety of reading resources and study guide questions that direct our learning. I am honored once again to learn from the best. A big KOMMOL TATA (Thank you very much) Teacher Malou and to all my classmates.

 

 

 

Planning & Construction of Test

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The way I usually construct my test is simply get questions from the book or test bank that comes with it. It’s easy to comply with all the demands of work. Now that I learned the effective way of writing different types of traditional assessment, I can able to construct my own test. I can also identify those that are poorly crafted and improve it, especially if most of my resources are from internet. I believe that teachers must have the knowledge and skills to write an effective test.

Some of the problems in traditional assessment are:

  • The test questions are often unclear or vague
  • Questions measure only factual knowledge
  • Too little feedback is provided

Let me share my notes about different types of Traditional Assessment.

Multiple Choiceimages19

Strength:

  • It can be used to test all level of learners
  • Questions are adapted to wide range of content and objectives
  • Easy to administer and less time needs to complete
  • Can be easily and accurately be scored and avoid bias

read-books-that-you-enjoyLimitation:

  • It’s difficult and time consuming to construct
  • It’s difficult to come up with distractors

Suggestion for Writing MCT items

  • To use at least four alternatives
  • To use capital letters ( A B C D ) as response signs
  • Randomly distribute the correct answers
  • Put the alternatives in some logical order
  • Keep all the alternatives in similar format
  • Make alternatives approximately equal in length
  • Use negatively stated stems sparingly

Essay Test

Strength:

  • Easy to construct
  • Allows students to demonstrate ability to be creative, express opinion
  • Students less likely to guess

Limitation:studentwriting

  • It limits the amount of content tested
  • Time consuming to score
  • Without rubric, potentially unreliable scoring

Suggestion for Writing Essay Test Items

  • Questions must be clearly define
  • Give students an appropriate amount of time
  • Avoid the use of optional questions
  • Questions must be in different level of learning
  • Choose a scoring model
  • Prepare students to take essay test

In my opinion multiple choice and essay test are both best types of traditional assessment. I think both bring balance to the time and effort in test construction and scoring of work. I am a newbie in this area (include rubric) but I am willing to enhance my skill through continuing practice. images21

I know that it’s not just for my own sake as a teacher but it will bring an advantage to my students by giving the grades that are reliable and valid. The sample test construction that I have done probably not yet satisfying but I am open minded to accept criticism to help me improve the skill.

 

 

References:

Clay, B. (2001, October). Is This a Trick Question? A Short Guide to Writing Effective Test Questions. Retrieved November 18, 2013, from http://www.ksde.org/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=6PmcGOcdLB8%3D&t

Reiner, C., Bothell, T., Sudweeks, R., & Wood, B. (2002). Preparing Effective Essay Questions, A Self-directed Workbook for Educators. Retrieved from http://testing.byu.edu/info/handbooks/WritingEffectiveEssayQuestions.pdf

Helmenstine, M. (2001). Chemical Reactions – Types of Chemical Reactions, About.com Chemistry. Retrieved November 25, 2013, from http://chemistry.about.com/od/chemicalreactions/a/reactiontypes.htm

Module 8: Something Good in Something Old

Traditional assessment is something that is hard to let go, just like eating rice for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. We are not satisfied eating without rice and for students a week will not be complete without any test or any form of assessment. Most common type of test that I experience during my school days are multiple choice, fill-in the blanks, true or false, and essay writing and the same type of test that I am commonly using in my science class.

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There are two categories of test item- objective and subjective. Objective test items are questions that have only one correct response whereas to subjective questions, students can give their own answer and allow them to be creative. Essay writing and other performance assessment are example of subjective type assessment.

The advantages of traditional assessment are: (Objective Type)

  • Its practical (less expensive)
  • Take little time to administer
  • Fast and easy to score
  • Avoid bias in grading
  • Can handed back for immediate feedback

Because of the advantages of traditional assessment, it is more appealing to teachers like me to use it in classroom assessment but I think it is significant to consider the intended learning outcomes and the selection of assessment method is appropriate.

LearningTriangleA good traditional assessment is difficult to develop, especially if we want the test to be reliable and has high validity. Planning, writing of test items, analyzing and revision are necessary steps. I thinks that it is very important that every teacher must be skilled in developing an effective test questions because if not “Students aren’t Failing Test but Test are Failing Students” is more likely to happen.